BEAN

Bridging the European and Anatolian Neolithic
Bridging the European
and Anatolian Neolithic
Demography, migration, and lifestyle
at the advent of civilisation

BEAN Research Published in PNAS

A study combining ancient DNA analysis and computer simulations conducted by members of the BEAN ITN has uncovered evidence for strong positive selection on genetic variants associated with lighter skin, hair, and eye color in prehistoric Europeans. This selection was still operative relatively recently in human prehistory - within the last 5,000 years - and is one of the  factors responsible for the wide variation in pigmentation observed in modern Europeans.

Direct evidence for positive selection of skin, hair, and eye pigmentation in Europeans during the last 5,000 y

Sandra Wilde, Adrian Timpson, Karola Kirsanow, Elke Kaiser, Manfred Kayser, Martina Unterländer, Nina Hollfelder, Inna D. Potekhina, Wolfram Schier, Mark G. Thomas, and Joachim Burger

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS)

10 March 2014

DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1316513111

The short film at this link describes how the Palaeogenetics Group at JGU Mainz analyses ancient DNA samples.