BEAN

Bridging the European and Anatolian Neolithic
Bridging the European
and Anatolian Neolithic
Demography, migration, and lifestyle
at the advent of civilisation

News

BEAN researchers Barbara Horejs and Bogdana Milić have publishd an article in the Journal of World Prehistory on the Neolithisation of the eastern Aegean as seen from the focal site of Çukuriçi Höyük. Bogdana Milić's striking photo of an obsidian cache was selected as the cover for the December edition of the journal.

The article is open-access  and can be viewed at the link below:

A preview of a forthcoming article by the BEAN consortium has been posted to the BioRxiv preprint server.  Early farmers from across Europe directly descended from Neolithic Aegeans, by Zuzana Hofmanová and Susanne Kreutzer et al., demonstrates a direct genetic link between Mediterranean and Central European early farmers and those of Greece and Anatolia, extending the European Neolithic migratory chain all the way back to southwestern Asia.

BEAN researcher Zuzana Fajkošová has been selected to join the Gutenberg Academy for Young Researchers, an honor reserved for up to 25 of the most promising PhD candidates at JGU Mainz. The Academy was created to support the interdisciplinary exchange of ideas and the professional and intellectual development of its members. 

Martiniano R, Coelho C, Ferreira MT, Neves MJ, Pinhasi R, Bradley DG. Genetic
evidence of African slavery at the beginning of the trans-Atlantic slave trade.
Sci Rep. 2014 Aug 8;4:5994. doi: 10.1038/srep05994. PubMed PMID: 25104065; PubMed
Central PMCID: PMC4125989.

A study combining ancient DNA analysis and computer simulations conducted by members of the BEAN ITN has uncovered evidence for strong positive selection on genetic variants associated with lighter skin, hair, and eye color in prehistoric Europeans. This selection was still operative relatively recently in human prehistory - within the last 5,000 years - and is one of the  factors responsible for the wide variation in pigmentation observed in modern Europeans.

Direct evidence for positive selection of skin, hair, and eye pigmentation in Europeans during the last 5,000 y

Sandra Wilde, Adrian Timpson, Karola Kirsanow, Elke Kaiser, Manfred Kayser, Martina Unterländer, Nina Hollfelder, Inna D. Potekhina, Wolfram Schier, Mark G. Thomas, and Joachim Burger

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS)

10 March 2014

DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1316513111

Bollongino, Ruth, Nehlich, Olaf, Richards, Michael P., Orschiedt, Jörg, Thomas, Mark G., Sell, Christian, Fajkošová, Zuzana, Powell, Adam, Burger, Joachim. 2013. 2000 years of parallel societies in Stone Age Central Europe. Science.
 10.1126/science.1245049
BEAN researchers at UCL, together with their colleagues, have used archaeological data, radiocarbon mesaurement distributions, and model-based computer simulations to demonstrate that the introduction of agriculture into Europe was followed by a boom-and-bust pattern in the density of regional populations.
 
Regional population collapse followed initial  agriculture booms in mid-Holocene Europe
Stephen Shennan, Sean S. Downey, Adrian Timpson, Kevan Edinborough, Sue Colledge, Tim Kerig,Katie Manning & Mark G. Thomas
 

Hunter-gatherers and immigrant farmers lived together for 2,000 years in Central Europe

Stone Age parallel societies existed up to 5,000 years ago / Forager genes also found in today's Europeans

 

The research conducted by  the BEAN and LeCHE ITNs into the origins of the European Neolithic, demographic change, and gene-culture co-evolution has been featured in the latest (1 August) issue of Nature.